Social Housing



Definition of homelessness

Homeless people are “people who have no fixed address and no stable, safe, sanitary housing for the next days; who have very low income; who are discriminated against in access to services; who have mental health, addiction (alcohol, drugs, gambling) or social disorganization problems; and who are without a stable identity group.”

This definition is an updated version of the definition adopted in 1987 by the Committee on Homelessness of the City of Montreal.

Canadian Definition Of Homelessness

Homelessness describes the situation of an individual or family without stable, permanent, appropriate housing, or the immediate prospect, means and ability of acquiring it. It is the result of systemic or societal barriers, a lack of affordable and appropriate housing, the individual/household’s financial, mental, cognitive, behavioural or physical challenges, and/or racism and discrimination.

Most people do not choose to be homeless, and the experience is generally negative, unpleasant, stressful and distressing.

See the One pager definition (PDF)
Link to the overall definition process